The importance of scaffolding your definitions

In terms of vocabulary that learners (any learners) are presented in any content based mainstream lesson, we can distinguish between content-obligatory and content-compatible vocabulary. 

Content-obligatory vocabulary is the sort of vocabulary necessary to master the objectives and key concepts of a lesson. These words and phrases are directly supportive of

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‘Drawing sentences’

The title relates to something I touched on rather briefly in my 40-minute workshop/session at a recent ResearchED conference in Oxford; something which seems to have generated some interest both at and following the event – on Twitter. 

I hasten to add that what is about to follow can and,

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Integration vs inclusion

Earlier this week, when I came back to school, one of the first things I heard was the phrase, “She hasn’t integrated yet.” This was about one of my EAL students. This term, “integration” seems to be used in place of – instead – “inclusion”. With disastrous consequences for the

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